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Laws

Upholding the laws of the land

As a former colony of Great Britain and part of the British Commonwealth of Nations, Canada has been founded on British common law. Quebec is the only province that has a separate civil law system. Both civil and criminal law is followed according to the Supreme Court of Canada and the Canadian constitution. There is no capital punishment in Canada; criminal prosecutions are carried out in accordance to British common law.

Law and order is not a concern for a peaceful nation like Canada. All cities in Canada cities are well governed and the laws are applicable to all people including, judges, police and political leaders. If you commit an act that is unlawful in the eyes of the law, you can be arrested or asked to pay fines. Sometimes, if the act committed is serious like murder and theft, all defendants are considered innocent until proven guilty in the court of law.

All citizens in Canada are considered equal in the eyes of the law. Those who are permanent residents also are subjected to the same laws as citizens. The system of laws is called the Criminal Code of Canada.

There are certain laws that are enshrined in the constitution. These are:

  1. Children are entitled to compulsory schooling till the age of 16.
  2. In most parts of Canada, you have to be of 18 or 19 years to buy or drink alcohol.
  3. You cannot buy, sell or traffic addictive substances like marijuana, cocaine or heroin.
  4. You cannot make sexual remarks, harass or assault women who are not consenting. Hitting anyone is against the law and domestic violence is prohibited.

Learn more about:

  • Policing

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