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A thriving democracy with a big heart

Canada is a constitutional democracy with a central parliament office for all Federal government affairs. The federal government has three branches: executive, legislative and judicial. The Prime Minister, cabinet members and the Queen who is represented by the Governor General are the formal executive authority in Canada.

The executive powers lie with the Cabinet, a band of ministers who are elected to the House of Commons. These ministers are handpicked and led by the Prime Minister of Canada who is the head of the elected government. The Governor or the Queen may exercise power in certain exceptional cases. All of the 308 members of Parliament are elected to the House of Commons. These members are elected after voters in individual electoral districts in locations across the country vote for their leaders. The Prime Minister and his Cabinet rule for a period of 4 years, if majority vote has been reached. The 105 members of the upper house or the Senate serve till the age of 75.

The federal structure of the government divides responsibilities between the provinces, territories and the central government in Ottawa, the country’s capital. Provincial legislatures are unicameral while the territory legislatures have some degree of autonomy and differ structurally from their provincial counterparts.

Canada’s democracy is vibrant and strong. The right to vote is enshrined in the Constitution. The citizens have many rights and most are very active in public life and have the will to change laws and the policies that may affect their lives. Even municipal elections are quite popular and Canadians vote for change and prosperity on every election.

In keeping with the democratic traditions, Canada’s electorate often obey laws that safeguard the rights and freedoms of all people.

Learn more about:

  • Federal government
  • Provincial and territorial governments
  • Municipal governments

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